Carotid Atherosclerosis Symptoms
Blockage of the carotid artery is considered as a serious condition since it may result to fatal complications. However, carotid atherosclerosis symptoms are often unnoticed especially during its initial stage. The symptoms may be subtle but it can exhibit itself in the form of paralysis or heart attack. Some of the signs or symptoms of such condition include:
- Temporary loss of hearing or vision or both senses
- Hearing a hissing sound in either ear along with each heartbeat
- Loss of motor coordination
- Severe headache
- Slurring of words or speech difficulty
- Sudden and temporary feeling of numbness on both sides of the face
- Tingling sensations particularly in the arms that can be felt in other parts of the body
Paralysis of certain parts of the body, though temporary, is an indication that you are going through a mini stroke. These signs are often referred to as TIA or transient ischemic attack and this is considered as an absolute sign of CAD or carotid artery disease. Transient ischemic attack is like mini strokes, but it does not have the same impact on the body like full stroke.
Carotid Artery Blockage Treatment
The treatment of carotid atherosclerosis depends on how severe the condition is, as well as the symptoms exhibited by the sufferer. During the initial stages of the condition, the doctor may recommend the consumption of blood-thinning agents or medications in order to prevent blood clotting and lower down the amount of cholesterol in the body. For severe cases, surgery is recommended in order to open the artery and eliminate the plaque that is causing the blockage in the blood vessels. This is often followed by the consumption of anti-clotting medications. Aside from these, there are other treatment options available for carotid atherosclerosis.
One of this is carotid angioplasty. This is a surgical procedure where the affected artery is numbed by means of local anesthetic. Using a long catheter passed through the carotid artery, the blockage will then be removed. The catheter comes with a balloon attached on the tip that can be inflated in order to stretch and open the affected artery. The symptoms and treatment for this condition has to be properly understood in order to prevent paralysis. However, aside from opting for a treatment option, lifestyle changes are necessary as well like the avoidance of alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking, performing regular exercises, and following a diet that is low on cholesterol and fat.