Atherosclerosis Treatment

Atherosclorosis TreatmentBefore opting for an atherosclerosis treatment, it is necessary to confirm the condition first. Several testing can be done to determine if you are really suffering from such condition. This can be done through physical examination, coronary angiography, electrocardiogram, chest X-ray and blood testing. The latter is conducted in order to analyze and evaluate the levels of cholesterol in the body, thyroid hormones and diabetes. The medical history of the patient should also be checked to see if the condition runs in the family. The treatment for atherosclerosis includes the following:

  • Certain lifestyle changes should be done to treat this condition. As much as possible, if you are suffering from atherosclerosis, you have to avoid smoking and make sure that you are following a healthy diet plan and regular exercises.
  • Medications may also be prescribed when diagnosed with atherosclerosis. These medications often include nitrates, calcium-channel blockers and beta-blockers. Thrombolytic drugs are also recommended in order to dissolve blood clots if there are any and to increase the level of blood plasmin.
  • Blood pressure and volume should be lessened by using diuretics like Diuril and Esidrix. Atherosclerosis medications may also include angiotensin-2, ACE inhibitors, statins and vasodilators.
  • Surgical procedures are options as well. These procedures include precutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and coronary artery bypass surgery.
  • Coronary angioplasty is performed in case of severe blockage. This is where a catheter is inserted into the affected artery. The catheter has a balloon at the tip that is inflated in order to widen the arterial walls. A stent will be placed inside the artery to prevent it from narrowing down and in order to restore normal blood flow.

These are the treatment options available for those individuals with atherosclerosis. However, before opting for any atherosclerosis treatment make sure that you consult your physician first for proper diagnosis.

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